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Patient Education Center
Lung Cancer

The lungs are the two organs located beneath the rib cage that provide life-sustaining oxygen throughout the body. They are neither symmetrical nor functionally identical, with the left lung consisting of two lobes and the right three. Lung cancer begins when cells of a lung become abnormal and begin growing out of control. When the abnormal cancer cells grow, they can form into a tumor and even spread to other areas of the body (metastasize).


Review this section's important information about lung cancer diagnosis, staging, and treatment options, as well as lung cancer patient and survivor resources as you prepare for an appointment with your oncologist. After reviewing these sections, ask your Arizona Oncology cancer care team any additional questions that you may have about your individual situation and treatment program.

Lung Cancer Risk Factors

There are several risk factors that can leave you more susceptible to developing both types of lung cancer. Knowing and steering clear of these risk factors can minimize exposure and significantly reduce your chances of developing lung cancer. Some of the most leading lung cancer risk factors include:

  • Smoking
  • Radon Exposure
  • Exposure to Asbestos
  • Personal or family History

Lung Cancer Screening and Diagnosis

If there is a suspicion that you may have lung cancer, your doctor will order tests to look for cancerous cells and make a lung cancer diagnosis. There are a variety of tests that can be used to diagnose either Non-Small Cell or Small Cell Lung Cancer; your doctor may recommend one (or more) of the following tests:

  • Chest X-Ray
  • Biopsy
  • Sputum Cytology
  • Imaging Tests

If cancer is present in the lungs, many of same tests are used for staging lung cancer as well.

Have You Recently Been Diagnosed with Lung Cancer?

If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with lung cancer, it’s important to gather and learn as much information about the disease as possible. Arizona Oncology is your resource for understanding the disease and your lung cancer treatment options that are available throughout the state of Arizona. 

Types of Lung Cancer

There are two types of lung cancer:

  • Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) and
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).

Each type is named based on the kind of cells found in the cancer and how the cells appear when viewed under a microscope. The cancer cells of each type grow and spread differently which affects the types of treatment that are used.

Lung Cancer Treatment Options

The lung cancer doctors at Arizona Oncology work together with you to develop the best lung cancer treatment plan for you based on your type of lung cancer, the stage of your lung cancer, and various other factors. Your treatment options may include:

Lung Cancer Clinical Trials & Research

The cancer researchers at Arizona Oncology, along with US Oncology Network, are leading the way to finding new cancer treatment options through clinical trials that are now available at locations across the state of Arizona.

We are always looking for the latest cancer treatment options for our patients and are also involved with many other types of breakthrough lung cancer research studies. Click for a full list of our available lung cancer research studies.

Lung Cancer Support Services

Local support groups, testing for genetic cancer risks, and financial counseling are just some of the areas the specialists at Arizona Oncology are here to help you with during your journey through lung cancer. We encourage you to learn more and take advantage of our lung cancer support groups and organizations specific to lung cancer patients and survivors, including the Lung Cancer Alliance.

Benefits of Receiving Your Lung Cancer Treatment at Arizona Oncology

We understand that a new diagnosis of any form of lung cancer can be overwhelming, and that is why we offer an integrated team-oriented approach to provide patients with the best possible care during every step of their lung cancer journey. Our team of dedicated, highly-trained oncologists and cancer care staff are committed to providing the highest quality, compassionate care to our patients during their care with us, and they are eager to explain your options and answer any questions that you may have along the way.

Arizona Oncology lung cancer treatment services are delivered in a caring and comfortable environment close to your home, work, or family in locations across the state of Arizona.

Visit the National Cancer Institute where this information and more can be found about lung cancer or ask your cancer care team questions about your individual situation.

Lo que debes saber sobre el pulmón cáncer.


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