Disease and Drug Information

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that begins in the prostate gland. 

Several types of cells are found in the prostate, but almost all prostate cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen). The medical term for a cancer that starts in gland cells is adenocarcinoma.

Other types of cancer can also start in the prostate gland, including:

  • Sarcomas
  • Small cell carcinomas
  • Neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas)
  • Transitional cell carcinomas

Each year, more than 180,000  American men learn they have this disease. Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer among men in this country. Only skin cancer is more common.

Prostate cancer usually grows very slowly and may not cause symptoms or problems for years. Most prostate cancer cells make excessive amounts of a protein called prostate specific antigen (PSA). PSA is also found in higher-than-normal levels in men with other various prostate conditions in addition to prostate cancer. Those conditions include benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is an enlarged prostate, and prostatitis, which is inflammation or infection of the prostate. 

Most men with prostate cancer are older than 65 years and do not die from the disease. Prostate cancer occurs more often in African-American men than in white men. 

Compared to other types of cancer, prostate cancer is somewhat unusual because many tumors do not spread from the prostate. If the cancer does spread to another part of the body through a process called metastasis, and cannot be well controlled with treatment, it can cause pain, fatigue, and other symptoms.Often, even metastatic prostate cancer can be successfully treated, allowing men with prostate cancer to live with good health for several years.

Watch Dr. Porterfield on KGVY Radio Talking About Prostate Cancer

Arizona Oncology's Prostate Cancer specialized services: 

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Individualized Treatment Planning

Our program is designed to provide patients and their loved ones with the knowledge to help choose the course of treatment that best fits their needs, in collaboration with a specialized medical team. Advances in prostate cancer research now allow us to plan personalized treatment based on the specific biologic characteristics of your cancer, resulting in better outcomes and fewer side effects. During your consultation, you will learn about  treatment options for prostate cancer. We will take the time and opportunity to answer your questions and ensure that you understand the reasoning behind our recommendations.

Patient Guidance

Arizona Oncology will work with patients  to answer any questions or concerns you many have about your care. We can direct you to resources for financial assistance programs, community resources, supportive care programs, and more. Nurse Navigators are available at some locations. Feel free to ask your provider for more details. 

Clinical Trials

Our participation in high-priority clinical trials through US Oncology Research may provide early access to new therapies that are not available elsewhere. We believe in clinical research, and hope that you will consider participating in the development of  new treatments through innovative research, making strides to ensure that tomorrow’s care will be even better than today’s.

Multidisciplinary Case Review

Your medical team will perform an in depth review of your case to enhance communication and guide individualized treatment recommendations. This will generally include input from surgical oncology, medical oncology, radiation oncology, reconstructive surgery, pathology, and genetics.

Testing and Treatment

Arizona Oncology offers the latest treatments in prostate cancer and our team provides the most informed, individualized treatment recommendations. Genetic counseling and screening for patients and their families are available some locations. Feel free to ask your provider for more details.

Supportive Care

Our team is committed to supporting you as a whole throughout your cancer experience. We coordinate and work with many foundations throughout the community to help support your needs during treatment.

Convenient Appointments

Our scheduling staff will work with patients to arrange convenient appointments.

Watch our Prostate Cancer Video Series. You may also wish to visit the National Cancer Institute where this information and more can be found about Prostate Cancer including side effects of treatments, support information and more.

Lo que usted necesita saber sobre el cáncer de próstata en español.


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