PHOENIX, Ariz. (Feb. 28, 2012) – As March approaches, Arizona Oncology reminds you that it is Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month. We remind all men and women to speak with their healthcare providers about screening for the disease. By finding cancer or polyps that may become cancer early, it is easier to treat and possibly cure.
According to the American Cancer Society, colon cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths for men and women. It is estimated that approximately 142,570 new cases are expected to occur this year, and nearly 51,370 people will lose their lives to the disease. However, the number of cases and deaths from colorectal cancer has declined over the past 15 years in large part because of colorectal cancer screening, which can detect polyps before they turn into cancer. For both men and women at average risk for colorectal cancer, the American Cancer Society recommends screening begin at age 50 using one of the tests listed below.
Tests that find polyps and cancer
• Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 years*
• Colonoscopy every 10 years
• Double-contrast barium enema every 5 years*
• CT colonography (virtual colonoscopy) every 5 years*
Tests that mainly find cancer
• Fecal occult blood test (FOBT) every year*,**
• Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every year*,**
• Stool DNA test (sDNA), interval uncertain*
*Colonoscopy should be done if test results are positive.
**For FOBT or FIT used as a screening test, the take-home multiple sample method should be used. An FOBT or FIT done during a digital rectal exam in the doctor's office is not adequate for screening.
For people with certain risk factors, screening should begin earlier or be done more often. While the exact cause of colorectal cancer is unknown, risk factors for the disease include:
- Age– chances of being diagnosed with colorectal cancer increase as a person gets older
- Family history– having close relatives with the colorectal cancer increases a person’s risk of developing the disease
- Diet – diets high in fat and low in calcium, folate and fiber may increase the risk
- Ethnicity– Jewish people of Eastern European descent have a higher rate of colon cancer
- Genetic alterations– certain family syndromes that involve family members having hundreds of polyps in their colon or rectum may make someone more likely to get colorectal cancer
- History of colorectal polyps– common in people over the age of 50, some growths on inner wall of colon or rectum can become cancerous
- Smoking– may increase risk of developing polyps and colorectal cancer
- Alcohol– heavy use of alcohol has been linked to the disease
- History of bowel disease– a disease called ulcerative colitis (Crohn’s colitis) increases the risk of colon cancer
- Lack of exercise– people who are not active have a higher risk of colorectal cancer
- Overweight– being very overweight increases a person’s risk
Arizona Oncology plays a major role in helping people in the Valley and their families win the battle against colorectal cancer by providing easy access to a full range of advanced cancer care services in a setting that allows patients to remain close to their homes and their support network of family and friends.
About Arizona Oncology
Arizona Oncology is the largest group of medical professionals in Arizona devoted exclusively to cancer care. With more than 50 practicing physicians, we serve patients at more than 24 locations throughout Arizona, including Cottonwood, Deer Valley, Flagstaff, Glendale, Green Valley, Marana, Nogales, Oro Valley, Phoenix, Prescott Valley, Rita Ranch, Safford, Scottsdale, Sedona, Sierra Vista and Tucson. We are proud to provide comprehensive, compassionate, cancer care in a patient-focused, cost effective, community-based setting. Arizona Oncology provides patients with access to the latest treatments, state-of-the-art technology and access to cutting edge nationwide research and clinical trials. We believe it is beneficial when these therapies are provided in a community setting, close to patients' home and your support system. Our physicians are supported by talented clinical staff members who are sensitive to the needs of cancer patients and their caregivers. For more information, please visit www.ArizonaOncology.com.
About The US Oncology Network
The US Oncology Network is one of the nation’s largest networks of community-based oncologyphysicians dedicated to advancing cancer care in America. Like-minded physicians are united through The Network around a common vision of expanding patient access to high-quality, integrated cancer care in communities throughout the nation. Leveraging healthcare information technology, shared best practices, refined evidence-based medicine guidelines, and quality measurements, physicians affiliated with The US Oncology Network are committed to advancing the quality, safety, and science of cancer care to improve patient outcomes. The US Oncology Network is supported by McKesson Specialty Health, a division of McKesson Corporationfocusedon empowering a vibrant and sustainable community patient care delivery system to advance the science, technology and quality of care. For more information, visit www.usoncology.com.